SchoorUrology: Urology, Male Infertility & Men's Health

Combining knowledge, expertise and technology to produce superior clinical outcomes

Vasectomy FAQs


-      Will it hurt – immediately or afterward?

The procedure does not hurt.  At most, men describe it as slightly uncomfortable but not painful.  After the procedure you will have some mild soreness.  You will be able to move around and in most cases even work within a few days of the procedure.  

- When can I go back to work?

For office type work, you can go back to work the same or the next day.  For very physical or strenuous work, about 10 or so days later.  

-      What will I feel?

All you will feel is pressure as I hold the vas deferens still.  If you can tolerate this sensation when I do the examination, then you’ll have no problem during the procedure itself. 


-      Are there different types of vasectomies?

There is the traditional vasectomy, the no-needle no-scalpel vasectomy, and the ProVas vasectomy.  The ProVas Vasectomy is a new modification of the vasectomy procedure.  Its effectiveness as a permanent form of birth control has not yet been determined.  We are a ProVas Study site.  If you are interested, contact us.  

-      What type of vasectomy does Dr Schoor perform?

I specialize in the no needle, no scalpel vasectomy and the ProVas vasectomy.  

-      Are there any complications to vasectomy? 

The most common complication is bruising at the skin openings and in the scrotum.  The bruising is typically mild and self-limiting.  Surgical intervention to stop bleeding is rarely if ever needed.  Other side-effects include mild skin separation and skin infection.  These minor complications heal quickly and without any long term problems.  Serious complications from a vasectomy are extremely rare. 

-      Are there long term side effects?

There are no significant long term side-effects from a vasectomy.  

-      What is post-vasectomy pain syndrome?

Very rarely, 10 or more years after the vasectomy, a very small number of men will experience mild pain or achiness in the testicles.  This is known as post-vasectomy pain syndrome. Post vasectomy pain syndrome can be treated successful with medications. Very rarely, men with post-vasectomy pain syndrome will require a vasectomy reversal to alleviate the condition.  


-      Is vasectomy reversible?

While the vasectomy is considered a permanent form of birth control, 5% of men will change their minds after having a vasectomy and ultimately get it reversed.  In the hands of a skilled vasectomy microsurgeon, the vasectomy reversal success rates exceed 90%. 

-      Is vasectomy easier or harder, safer or less safe than tubal ligation?

The vasectomy is the simplest, safest, least expensive form of birth control ever developed.  

-      Are there medical risks?

There are no medical risks associated with the vasectomy. 

-      Is there a link between vasectomies and prostate cancer?

No.  No such link exists.  

-      Is vasectomy covered by insurance?

Typically vasectomies are covered by insurance.  However, coverage varies by policy.  Contact our insurance specialist to determine if your procedure can be covered. 

-      Isn't there a mandatory waiting period from after the consult to do the vasectomy?

Only in New York City.  Doctors that practice in the city must make their patients wait 30 days after the consult to have the vasectomy.  No such waiting period exists outside of the city.  However, some insurance plans mandate a 2 o 3 day wait period.  At our center, there is no mandatory wait period.  

-      How long does the procedure take?

The vasectomy procedure takes between 10 and 20 minutes. 

-      Can I drive myself home from the procedure?

Yes, you can drive home after the procedure.  

-      Do I need to have spousal consent to do the procedure?

No.  Not only is spousal consent not required, it is illegal under the HIPAA law to demand it.   

-      When can I have sex again?

You can sexual relations as soon as you feel up to it.  You must use birth control until cleared by your doctor, however, to avoid an unwanted pregnancy. 

-      When can I stop using condoms or other forms of birth control after the vasectomy?

o   You will have a single semen analysis 4 months after the procedure.  If that specimen shows no sperm, then you are cleared for unprotected intercourse.  

-      I was told that I will be clear after 20 ejaculations.  Is this true?

No, this is not true.  

-      Some doctors get a semen analysis at 6 weeks.  Why not your center?

In rare cases, the vas deferens can re-connect.  If this happens, it does so after 6weeks but prior to 4 months.  Therefore, one semen check at 4 months is the most accurate test of success after a vasectomy. 

-      Does the procedure ever fail?

Yes.  Failure rates vary from 10% to 1 in 4500 cases depending on the study and the doctor.  Our fail rates are among lowest in the business. 

-      What happens if it fails?

Sometimes it “fixes itself”.  Other times we have to re-do the procedure? 

-      Is there a charge to re-do the procedure in the case of failure?

No.  If the vasectomy was initially done by us, then there is no charge to re-do it if need be.  

-      Is the procedure guaranteed?

If the 4 month semen analysis shows no sperm, then the procedure is guaranteed.  But not before this.  

-      Is there such a thing as a “reversible vasectomy?”

The answer is yes and no.  We do a vasectomy that is effective yet not totally destructive of the male reproductive tract.  Destroying large segments of the vas deferens--which is done by many other vasectomy doctors--is simply not necessary and in fact does not make the vasectomy any more effective.